The Many Kinds of Creepware Used for Interpersonal Attacks
Kevin A. Roundy, Paula Bermaimon Mendelberg, Nicola Dell, Damon McCoy, Daniel Nissani, Thomas Ristenpart, Acar Tamersoy
In Proceedings of the 41st IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (S&P 2020)
Technology increasingly facilitates interpersonal attacks such as stalking, abuse, and other forms of harassment. While prior studies have examined the ecosystem of software designed for stalking, our study uncovers a larger landscape of apps---what we call creepware---used for interpersonal attacks. We discover and report on apps used for harassment, impersonation, fraud, information theft, concealment, hacking, and other attacks, as well as creative defensive apps that victims use to protect themselves.